When 'the' is part of the name:
For some places 'the' is part of the name e.g. The Houses of Parliament, The White House, The Sydney Opera House, The Leaning Tower of Pisa.
Some places are always called the, meaning the place we both know about. They're not special in any way e.g. the bank, the supermarket, the office, the tourist office, the launderette, the( U.K.) off-license, the liquor store (U.S.) (or the bottle shop in Australia).
Some places have ´s e.g. the doctor's, the chemist's, the hairdresser's, the newsagent's.
Some places have nothing e.g. at home, at school, in hospital.
Answers: 1. the 2. the 3. the 4 the 5 the 6 the 7. O 8. the 9. O 10.the 11 the
Another short exercise:
The with Rivers e.g. the name of the London river is The Thames /temz/. 1........Yellow River flows through....Shanghai. 2..........Nile is in......Egypt and ......Mississippi is in ....USA. 3...........Paris is on.....Seine and ....Rome is on.....Tiber. 4 Now put your capital city and its river..............................
Answers: 1.the,O 2. The, O, the, the 3.O,the,O,the. 4.
The goes before the names of Seas, Oceans, Chains of Mountains, Groups of Islands. Look up as many as you can write down or write down what you can from memory before you check.
Answers: Seas - The Pacific, The North Sea, The Indian Ocean, The Atlantic, The Caspian, The Mediterranean, The Baltic, The Aegean. Mountains: The Andes, The Balkans, The Pyrenees, The Himalayas, The Pennines, The Philippines, The Alps, The Rockies.
See The A - Z of English Grammar & Usage for the rules.